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<em>Bactrocera trivialis</em>

Bactrocera trivialis

Previous scientific names: Dacus (Strumeta) trivialis


Morphological – adult

Medium sized species.

Features include:

  • medium sized pear shaped facial spots present
  • postpronotal lobes and notopleura yellow
  • scutum black
  • mesopleural stripe ending midway between anterior margin of notopleuron and anterior npl. seta
  • lateral postsutural vittae present
  • medial postsutural vitta absent
  • scutellum yellow
  • wing with a narrow fuscous costal band and anal streak
  • cells bc and c colourless
  • microtrichia in outer corner of cell c only
  • males with all leg segments fulvous except hind tibiae fuscous, females with dark colour patterns on femora and tibiae
  • abdominal terga III-V generally black with a medial longitudinal fulvous area from posterior margin of tergum III to tergum V
  • posterior lobe of male surstylus short
  • female with apex of aculeus needle shaped (Drew 1989; pers. comm. Drew 2010).

Morphological – larvae

Information not available.


DNA barcoding

Diagnostic BOLD reference data available.

COI data
B. trivialis TRV002 Classic morphology Folmers COI


BsrI: Data not available

HinfI: Data not available

HhaI: Data not available

Sau3AI: Data not available

SnaBI: Data not available

SspI: Data not available

Vspl: Data not available


No fully diagnostic restriction enzymes, but a combination of several can be chosen to distinguish B. trivialis from other Bactrocera and species in other genera.

See Restriction enzyme haplotype chart and Diagnostic restriction patterns.

Host Range

Bactrocera trivialis has been recorded on 17 hosts from ten families. These include: Anacardiaceae, Combretaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrtaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae, Santalaceae and Solanaceae (for a full list of recorded hosts see Leblanc et al. 2012).

Major commercial hosts (Drew 1989; Leblanc et al. 2012)

  • Capsicum frutescens (chilli)
  • Citrus x paradisi (grapefruit)
  • Mangifera indica (mango)
  • Prunus persica (peach)
  • Psidium guajava (guava)


Mainland Papua New Guinea (less common in the Highlands than at low elevations), Indonesia (Irian Jaya) (Drew 1989). The record from Sulawesi (White and Elson-Harris 1992) is doubtful.

Seasonal incursions from Papua New Guinea to the Torres Strait islands occur most years and are promptly detected and eradicated under the Exotic Fruit Fly in Torres Strait Response Plan jointly run by the federal and state agriculture departments.

Other comments

Seasonal incursions into the Torres Strait islands from Papua New Guinea occur most years. These are promptly detected and eradicated under the Exotic Fruit Fly in Torres Strait Response Plan, jointly run by the federal and state agriculture departments. This response program has been successfully eradicating exotic pest fruit fly incursions for 20 years.

Similar species

A large collection of specimens reared from grapefruit at Mt. Hagen, 1980, 1981, show sexual dimorphism in leg colour patterns: females possess fore, mid and apical 1/3 of hind femora dark fuscous, fore tibiae and apical four segments of fore tarsi fuscous, hind tibiae dark fuscous; males have all segments fulvous except hind tibiae fuscous.

B. trivialis can appear similar to B. rufofuscula, a cue-responsive north Queensland rainforest species. However, B. trivialis has a black scutum whereas B. rufofuscula has a dark brown scutum and the lateral bands broadly joining on tergum III.

Pest Status

  • Exotic


Cue lure